Palm planting continues in the urban thoroughfares of Ahvaz metropolis.

With the aim of changing plant species in Ahvaz, developing urban green space and reviving the culture of planting native plants in Khuzestan province, a palm tree planting project is underway.

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After the positive yield of planting palms in other urban areas, the project of planting palms of the colonial species in one of the most important main arteries of District 3 of Ahvaz Municipality is underway.

In the implementation of this project, 76 palm trees will be planted.

Colonial palm species is one of the most important and high quality native palm species in Khuzestan province, which includes more than 70% of the palm groves in the province and the city of Ahvaz, and is completely resistant to the climatic conditions of Ahvaz city.

 

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The management of Khuzestan Rural Cooperative, in order to support palm growers, succeeded in purchasing more than 650 tons of dates from palm growers until November 6th of this year.

Fortunately, the purchase work has been completed and the farmers’ satisfaction with this issue has been obtained.

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Abadan dates are one of the highest quality dates in the country and in the world. Their attempt in the above plan to buy dates was supportive and of course with first-class quality, and fortunately this project was completed successfully.

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The volume of trade in the corresponding period of last year (March 21-Oct. 22, 2019) stood at $49.57 billion, indicating that commercial exchanges have declined by about 23% on a year-on-year basis.

According to Mehdi Mirashrafi, the head of Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration, exports accounted for 65.57 million tons worth $18.23 billion and imports constituted 19.33 million tons worth $20.04 billion of the total sum.

In other words, Iran recorded $1.81 billion in trade deficit during the period under review. 

When compared with the corresponding period of last year (March 21-Oct. 22, 2019), the exports registered 17.5% and 23% decline in tonnage and value respectively, he was quoted as saying by IRNA. 

Previous data provided by IRICA showed Iran’s imports during last year’s corresponding period stood at 19.8 million tons worth $25.17 billion. This means imports during the period saw a slight increase in tonnage but a 20% decline compared to last year’s corresponding period. 

Noting that imports of essential goods accounted for 13.8 million tons of total imports, the official said, “Corn was one of the main imported goods, with 5.8 million tons compared with 5.1 million tons of last year’s corresponding period. 

Also known as necessity goods, essential goods are products consumers will buy, regardless of changes in income levels.

Amid high inflation and diminished purchasing power, the Iranian government has sought to ensure a steady supply of essential goods at subsidized prices.

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Following the re-tanking of the national currency in early 2017, the government introduced stringent rules like banning the import of non-essential goods, especially those produced inside the country (known as Group IV goods). 

It allocated subsidized currency at the rate of 42,000 rials to a dollar to 25 categories of goods (otherwise known as Group I or essential goods) to help protect consumers against galloping inflation, rampant price gouging and hoarding, not to mention the high and rising cost of living.

Two other categories of imports were also defined: Group II, which mostly included raw materials, intermediate and capital goods, and Group III consisting of essential consumer goods. 

Importers of products in Group II were to meet their forex requirements from the secondary forex market, known by its Persian name Nima. Importers of goods in Group III could buy hard currency from exporters who were not required to offer their forex earnings on Nima.

In the last fiscal year (March 2019-20), the government removed five items, namely red meat, butter, pulses, tea and sugar, from the list of basic goods entitled to subsidized currency. 

So far, vegetable oil, oilseeds, corn, barley, soybean meal, raw material for manufacturing tires, heavy-duty vehicle tires, paper pulp and different types of paper are still considered essential goods. 

A total of 25.09 million tons of essential goods worth close to $15.5 billion were imported into Iran during the last fiscal year (March 2019-20) to register a 20.77% and 17.13% increase in weight and value respectively compared with the year before.

This amount of essential goods’ imports accounted for close to 71% and 35% of the volume and value of last year’s total imports respectively, according to IRICA Spokesman Rouhollah Latifi.

“The imported essential commodities included wheat, sugar, corn, rubber, barley, processed tea, rice, different kinds of seeds, red meat, soybeans, pulses, paper, fertilizers and industrial machinery,” he said.

Imam Khomeini Port in the southern Khuzestan Province is the main hub for the import of essential goods in Iran. 

The port, according to Adel Deris, director general of Khuzestan Province’s Ports and Maritime Organization, possesses 40 wharfs, 140 kilometers of railroads within its premises and is equipped with the latest loading and unloading facilities

Close to 90% of Iran’s demand for livestock feed raw material as well as 79% of grains are imported through this southern port.

The government plans to continue subsidizing essential goods in the next fiscal year (March 2021-22). 

According to Vice President Mohammad Baqer Nobakht, who doubles as the chairman of Iran’s Plan and Budget Organization, the government will channel earnings from oil exports to import essential goods at the subsidized rate of 42,000 rials per US dollar.

 

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Iraq Overtakes China as Main Export Destination

Iraq overtook China as Iran’s main export destination with $4.8 billion worth of imports from Iran.

Three border crossings with Iraq, namely Chazzabeh and Shalamcheh in southern Khuzestan Province and Mehran in the western Ilam Province, reopened for exports during all weekdays as of Sept. 12.

Amid the spread of the new coronavirus, customs procedures were carried out only on Sundays and Wednesdays at most border terminals with Iraq, except for Khosravi in western Kermanshah Province, which was open to trade during all weekdays, according to Latifi. 

Chazzabeh was the last of seven official border crossings between the two countries that reopened after about six months following the outbreak of coronavirus. At the beginning of its reopening in late July, 30 trucks were allowed to cross the border.

“Now 170 trucks carry mainly vegetables and construction materials to the neighboring country via Chazzabeh each day,” the spokesman said.

“Each day, 300 trucks of Iran’s private sector carry fruit and vegetables, cucurbits, food, construction materials, minerals and steel products to Iraq through Shalamcheh into the neighboring country,” Ali Mousavi, an official with Arvand Free Trade Zone, said. 

A total of 329,000 tons of commodities worth more than $183 million were exported from Mehran border crossing during the first half of the current Iranian year (March 20-Sept. 21).

“The exports come as Mehran was closed down for three whole months due to the outbreak of Covid-19. Two months after the outbreak, the border was opened for two days per week,” Rouhollah Gholami, the director general of Ilam Customs Administration, was quoted as saying by the news portal of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture.

The official noted that 48,169 tons of agricultural products worth $24.78 million were exported to the neighboring Iraq from Mehran border crossing during the six-month period.

“Other main exported products were foodstuff, plastic artifacts, glass products, automotive spare parts, steel, tiles, ceramics and construction material,” he said.

According to Gholami, an average of 300 trucks carrying Iran’s export goods cross Mehran border to Iraq every day.

Last year (March 2019-20), he said, exports form Mehran checkpoint stood at $1.18 billion.

Iraq closed its international borders and provincial boundaries in March, except for the delivery of essential goods such as food, as it sought to curb the spread of coronavirus.

Iran exported more than 25.68 million tons of goods worth $8.99 billion to Iraq in the last fiscal year (March 2019-20).

Iran also exports to Iraq through border crossings with the Kurdish region of the neighboring country, namely Bashmaq, Parvizkhan and Tamarchin, which have been open all along the coronavirus pandemic.

Amid restrictions imposed by the Iraqi government on cross-border trade due to the spread of the new coronavirus, Iran has been directing the bulk of its exports to the neighboring country through borders with the Iraqi Kurdistan.

About 8.1 million tons of goods worth $3.8 billion were exported to from Iran to Iraq through the Iraqi Kurdistan Region during the last fiscal year that ended on March 19, according to the Spokesman of the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration.

Exports account for 42% of Iran’s total exports to Iraq in terms of value and for over 31% in terms of tonnage during the period under review.

According to Superintendent of Kurdestan Customs Administration Bakhtiar Rahmanipour, 90% of Kurdestan Province’s foreign trade pass through Bashmaq, located in Marivan County of the province.

China with $4.4 billion followed Iraq in terms of imports from Iran during the seven months under review.

Other main destinations for Iranian exports included the UAE with $2.2 billion, Turkey with $1.4 billion and Afghanistan with $1.3 billion.

“Top exporters to Iran were China with $5.1 billion, the UAE with $4.7 billion, Turkey with $2.2 billion, India with $1.2 billion and Germany with $1 billion,” the IRICA chief was quoted as saying.

Coronavirus, Sanctions

Global trade has dropped by 30% following the outbreak of coronavirus and Iran was no exception. 

“Seven countries, including China, Iraq, Afghanistan, the UAE and India, account for 75% of our foreign trade; over 50% of Iran’s non-oil exports are headed to Iraq and China, all indicative of our export vulnerability,” Majid Reza Hariri, chairman of Iran-China Chamber of Commerce, was quoted as saying recently.

“Natural gas, gas condensates, petrochemicals and unprocessed minerals make up 70% of Iran’s exports. Covid-19 has pushed down the demand for and the prices of these exporting items,” he said.

“For our production lines to be operational, about $45 billion worth of essential goods, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment need to be imported. Given the restrictions placed on oil sales, this figure seems to be unreachable.” 

“Iran has to prepare for a 30% decline in export value in the current Iranian year (March 2010-21) compared with last year due to the impact of the spread of the novel coronavirus on national and international trade,” a member of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture board of directors, Pedram Soltani, said.

“Under the current circumstances, it is estimated that the country’s exports will fall between $10-12 billion compared with last year. The main products, which will experience a plunge due to the pandemic, are petrochemicals, steel, mineral products, tile, ceramics and nuts,” he was quoted as saying by ISNA.

Soltani, the former deputy head of ICCIMA, noted that China is most likely the least affected economy by the pandemic and since it is Iran’s top trading partner, exports to this country will hopefully remain unaffected.

“Yet, the outbreak of Covid-19 as well as the nosedive in oil prices will make Iraq, our second biggest export destination, very cautious and we will face limitations on the commodities we can export to the neighboring country,” he said. 

Soltani added that based on World Trade Organization’s prediction, world trade will plunge by 13-32% in 2020 (best and worst-case scenarios), noting that it is likely that the economic crisis awaiting the world will be more intense than the one experienced in 2008.

Source : https://www.en.eghtesadonline.com/Section-iran-economy-67/33947-iran-non-oil-trade-drops-yoy-to-over-billion-in-months

Kimia dates price in Mumbai

 

Kimia dates are very popular in India especially in Mumbai city.

You can contact us for the instant price of Kimia dates in Mumbai.

 

Factors affecting the price of dates

One of the most important factors in the price of dates is their health. If the date has juice or is spoiled, its price will be reduced.

Usually the price of different types of dates is universal and fixed, which differs slightly in different periods.

For example, in the harvest season, a new price will be announced.

Uniformity and regular appearance are also factors affecting the price of dates.

Sorting and arranging dates also affects its price.

The distance from the origin of the date to the sales destination is also one of the factors affecting its price.

 

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How to get the required dates in Mumbai?

India is one of the best destinations for selling Kimia dates.

The best dates for sale in this country are Mazafati or Kimia.

Kimia Gold Company can deliver the best type of this date to you with the desired tonnage.

All the necessary standards for this work are available and Kimia gold has prepared all the necessary standards.

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210,000 tons of dates were harvested in Sistan and Baluchestan

25 thousand tons is the total production of dates in Sistan and Baluchestan. Considering the reduction in consumption of pesticides and chemical fertilizers and the use of organic and biological fertilizers and monitoring, the date crop is a healthy and almost organic product.

60% of the total date production in this province is allocated to Mazafati cultivar and 28% to Rabbi cultivar.

The policy of developing the cultivation of commercial and superior date cultivars of the world includes Piaram, Medjool, Berhi, Zahedi and Deglet Noor cultivars, whose seedlings have been produced using tissue culture method.

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From 50,000 hectares of date cultivated areas in Sistan and Baluchestan, 25,500 hectares is assigned to Mazafati cultivar and 21,760 hectares to Rabbi cultivar.

Agricultural production is common in Sistan and Baluchestan throughout the year and the fields of some areas of this province such as Nikshahr, Sarbaz, Iranshahr, Konarak and Chabahar can produce twice a year.

Currently, in more than 200,000 hectares of agricultural lands in Sistan and Baluchestan, crops are produced and in 80,000 hectares, various tropical, subtropical and cold fruits are produced.

 

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Exports of $ 3 billion in the field of food industry

 

 

The bulk of the country’s non-oil exports are in the field of food industry, which in recent years has reached to $ 3 billion.

In confectionery and chocolate industry, there are 1800 active production units, equivalent to 2/2 (two and two tenths) of all industrial units in the country.

 

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3% of the total industrial investors of the country have been attracted in this sector.

The export volume of chocolate and sweets in 1398, three hundred and one thousand tons amounted to 426 million dollars, which in terms of value decreased but in terms of weight increased by about 12 thousand tons.

The reason for the decrease in the value of Iran’s chocolate and confectionery exports was the correction of the basic export prices in 2009, which was done due to the equality of the exchange rate.

Development and deepening of engineering design, innovation in the production of new products and self-reliance in the field of industrial machinery are the characteristics of the confectionery and chocolate industry, which has led to providing many of the required machinery in this industry by domestic manufacturers.

Even the repair, maintenance, overhaul and supply of machine parts in this industry, which are mainly European machines, are done by domestic manufacturers, and all this shows the maturity of this industry in various fields such as basic design, marketing, product development, machine building, repairs and Maintains.

Achieving the second rank of production and export among the countries of the region in 1404 is targeted for Iranian confectionery and chocolate industry.

Many industrial units are not aware of the capabilities of their peers, so the policy of matching needs and capabilities is also follows to meet the needs of industrial units.

Considering that the country is almost governed by the currency obtained from non-oil exports and the development of export is the first priority for the country and the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade, so we discuss about supply and allocation of currency with the Central Bank on a daily and weekly basis.

 

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In customs affairs and formalities, there are a series of terms and definitions that are related to the export and import of goods.

One of the common words about customs clearance is green customs paper.

In the definition of customs green card, it can be said that companies that intend to import goods from other countries, first must submit documents to customs in order to obtain the necessary license to do so.

The documents which is required to receive a green card are documents such as a bill of lading related to imported goods, invoice for the purchase of goods which must be handed over to customs experts and they will issue a green paper after reviewing them. The green card has specifications, the most important of which is the eight-digit code on which it is stated that this code is about the registration of imported orders, the characteristics of the goods, the number of goods ordered, the specifications about the warehouse receipt and… May There are also other details, such as the pay slip number, the date on which the goods vehicle is moving.

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In the green card of customs, registration of some information is required, which is as follows:

  1. Registering the company name on the customs green card.
  2. The names of the goods that are imported.
  3. Cottage number (Cottage is related to the clearance of goods and when the goods enter the borders of a country, the cottage is locked and a special number is issued for each of those goods.)
  4. The number related to the orders that must be registered in the green leaf of customs.
  5. Record the weight of each product, which must be both the net weight and the gross weight resulting from the packaging of the goods, and….
  6. Register the name of the company sending and importing goods in the green card
  7. The costs and the original price of the imported goods and the costs which is paid to the customs must be recorded in the customs green card.

 

Necessary regulations for issuing customs green cards

 

Customs green paper is one of the main parts of customs formalities that is in order to issue this card, all regulations must be observed by importers of goods, exporters of goods and customs officials. In relation with the green customs leaf, the owners of the goods must deliver all the documents related to the imported goods.

These documents include the invoice of the imported goods, the certificate of the country from which the goods were imported (the exporter country of the goods), the bill of lading of the goods, the lists related to the consignments of the goods, and the owner and importer of the goods. After submitting these documents, a file must be filed and in order to ensure the health of the imported goods, the necessary health permits must be obtained for them, which will be issued after sampling the goods.

The customs green card must contain information about importing and exporting companies.

 

How to calculate and buy customs green card?

 The amounts that companies have to pay for the import of goods and customs green card are generally divided into two main categories of taxes and costs.

Taxes which paid on imports, including customs duties, trade profits, duties to be paid to various organizations such as the Red Crescent, VAT and the payment of a four percent tax under the heading of tax on account, and so on.

Costs are amounts which paid for services provided by transport companies, ports, and warehousing agencies, including unloading, loading, warehousing, and standardization of imported goods.

The amount of payment for both costs and taxes depends on the type and number of imported goods and services, which are determined by the relevant organizations, some of these costs and taxes are all listed in the green leaf.

 

Getting a customs green card

 The green paper is one of the necessary documents and principles for the export and import of goods.

In order to obtain this card, the required documents must be submitted to the customs office and taken in person, but because today illegal works such as forgery of green card of customs has been done, the customs affairs intend to do this in absentia and online in order to block the way of any abuse on the counterfeiters.

 

 

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What is Incoterms1

Incoterms are derived from the words (International Commercial Terms) meaning international trade terms. Merchants used to argue with each other over a variety of issues at the time of trading, and over the years the Chamber of Commerce enacted laws to address any problems, and over time it became a set of rules called the Incoterms.

In fact, Incoterms answers all the questions related to the export of goods about the seller and the buyer. Questions that are for all stages of export and import of goods, such as transportation of goods, how to clear goods through customs which is different for each country or any goods, and different stages of transportation and transfer of goods to the destination they all mentioned in Incoterms.

 

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Incoterms are divided into how many groups? And what are the rules of Incoterms in each?

Ex Works group: is the first type of Incoterms, which is displayed as group E.

This term means receiving the goods at the point of delivery of the goods, i.e. the person who sells the goods can deliver the goods to the buyer where they are stored or produced. In this method, the buyer is responsible for buying and selling from the time of loading the goods to the customs and insurance of the goods

The second type of Incoterms is called Group F.

This term means that the buyer can specify the place of delivery of the goods .this group includes subcategories:

 

FCA

The term is derived from the word Free Carrier. The route specified in this law is that the goods are delivered to origin shipping/freight by seller and if the goods are delivered in the country of the buyer, the costs will be with the buyer. In this case, the cost of freight and cargo insurance will be borne by the buyer.

 

FAS

The term is derived from the words Free alongside Ship, which means that the goods are submit to port for shipping and delivery to buyer, so the risks for the seller ends on the port and buyer is responsible for shipping circumstances and so on …

 

FOB 

These three letters are taken from the words Free On Board. This type of law means that the goods will be delivered to the deck of the ship and all the risk of the seller will be eliminated when the cargo is transferred to the ship. All costs will be borne by the buyer. The transfer contract is delivered at the port and the cost of insurance and inspection is with the buyer.

The third type of Incoterms is called Group C.

 

CFR

This set of rules of Incoterms means that the goods are delivered to the buyer and all shipping costs to the destination are the responsibility of the seller, but if there is a problem or damage to the cargo will be the responsibility of the buyer. In this law, responsibilities and costs are divided between the seller and the buyer. This group has subsets, we express in order

This subset is taken from the three words Cost and Freight.

In the law of this subset all shipping costs is the responsibility of the seller. Once cargo transferred to the ship, the seller is no longer responsible. The cost which is paid for freight insurance is the responsibility of the buyer and the transforming costs is the responsibility of the seller of the freight.

CIF

First, the words Cost, Insurance, and Freight make up three abbreviations, and is one of the rules of Incoterms. In this law, the costs of moving the cargo and its insurance are the responsibility of the seller.

 

CPT

These three letters in Incoterms are derived from the words Carriage Paid To. In this law, most goods are transported by land and air, until the goods are delivered to freight, the seller is responsible for cargo, the cost of transportation is with the seller and freight insurance is with the buyer

 

CIP

These three letters are included in the first words of the Carriage and Insurance Paid. All cargo care up to the place stated in the contract is the responsibility of the seller. The inspection contract must be performed by the buyer.

These three letters are included in the first words of the Carriage and Insurance Paid Incoterms in this law, and all cargo care up to the place stated in the contract is the responsibility of the seller. The inspection contract must be performed by the buyer.

 

The fourth type of Incoterms Group D terms

In this group, there are terms and rules that the seller of goods and cargo is responsible for the delivery of goods to the destination and all risks that may threaten the goods are the responsibility of the seller. It has a subset which is mentioned below

 

DAF

These three letters stand for Delivered at Frontier. In this transfer, the train is usually used and an insurance policy can be prepared for the entire time of transportation by rail.

 

DES (Delivered Ex Ship) 

This Incoterms means that the cargo is sent by the seller on the ship and seller is present until reach destination and is delivered to the buyer on deck of freight. The cost of clearance is up to the buyer.

 

DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay) 

This term means that the seller must deliver the cargo to the port and pays the custom tolls finally receive it at the port of the buyer.

 

 

DDU (Delivered Duty Paid)

This term means that the goods are delivered to the destination and this delivery is without paying customs duties.

 

DDP

In this method, the seller delivers the goods to the buyer by paying tolls

 

 

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International transportation

At present, International transportation without the international transport companies (the export and import of goods), is not possible at all However, the current income of many countries in the world depends on the same import and export market And if we eliminate the international transport company, half of the world economy will be paralyzed, and this clearly shows the importance of these companies.

 

Definitions of international transportation

 

But international transportation means the movement of a product from inside the country to abroad.
In fact, the task of moving this product is the responsibility of international intermediary and transportation companies, which we will explain more about these organizations in the following.

 

What is international transportation companies?

But if we want to have a simple definition of an international transportation company, we have to say that these organizations act as intermediaries. All the task of transferring and moving goods is the responsibility of these international companies. But international transformation companies themselves have different categories. These organizations are divided into three categories, which we will explain more about in the following.

 

Types of transportation companies

 

Forward transportation Company

The company performs the task of transferring goods from the destination country to the origin in three ways: air, land and sea. Most international freight companies performs this.

 

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Carrier activity

This activity is done without intermediaries and by the international transport company itself, in the above option, intermediaries are applied, but in this method, there is no intermediary and the company itself does the transportation work.

 

International shipping tips

One of the most important points that should be applied in the field of transportation of export and imported goods is the customs stamp on the goods. If this stamp is removed or broken, the goods will be considered as smuggling and will be seized if the goods are observed. For this reason, international transport companies have a serious and heavy task in the field of transporting goods and they must be careful that these items are not removed or destroyed during the movement and transfer of goods. Also, another issue that needs to be mentioned is the loss of the seal of the goods that have been done in the customs, and if it is observed that the seal of a product has been lost for any reason, the goods will be confiscated. The drivers of the goods are obliged to deliver the goods according to the customs letter and deliver them to the origin within a certain period of time. Any intentional delay in reaching the goods is considered a violation and will be dealt with the drivers and finally the international transport company.

International terms in the field of international transport

Every company or person who intends to import or export goods must be familiar with these terms in order to be able to do their business in the best possible way. These terms include the following.

What is L/C?

It is a credit document submitted by the buyer bank to the seller bank. These documents reach the seller when the purchased goods are delivered to the customer. In addition, a contract is concluded between the bank, the buyer and the seller in order to comply with all these provisions and if any parties does not perform the duties that are the responsibility of these people, she/he will be dealt with according to the law. This method of trading is very effective in the international transport of goods and makes people clear their goods with more confidence and also, the buyer leaves the credit documents with the bank with ease.

International transportation Conventions

CMR Conventions    : For the payment of the employees and personnel of the international company, this convention has been created to pay the rights and salaries of these people within a certain period of time So that their rights are not violated and they move the required goods more carefully.

TIR Convention: This law is for international transport companies that travel by truck and cross the country’s land borders.

Kotif Convention: this convention is for the railway sector, and international companies that send export and import goods by rail are covered by this convention.

Bill of lading

Having a bill of lading is one of the main conditions for the transportation of international goods. So that most buyers trust this bill of lading and transfer the entire amount of goods to the seller. In fact, the bill of lading indicates that the goods have been delivered to the international shipping company, and this company, by issuing the bill of lading, specifies that the goods will be sent from the intended destination to the origin. There are so many complex terms in the field of international freight transport that in this article we considered it necessary to refer to some of the most important of these terms in order to become more familiar with these terms.

 

Customs tariff

 

The customs tariff is defined in the laws and policies of each country and its implementation is mandatory.
Nomenclature, which is the other name of custom tariff, is divided to big and small groups and also smallest group according to a regular and specific rule. In order to identify, define and determine the position of each product for clearance, a criterion that is in the form of a number and is called the tariff is used.

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Customs tariff description

Customs tariff includes costs related to items such as: customs administration, insurance, transportation, etc., which are measured and implemented.

In other words, it can be said that the amount which paid in order to import goods into the country is the same as the customs tariff related to the imported goods to the country.

In most cases, customs tariff are collected as taxes in order to protect imported goods by government and the more common term is customs duty, which is calculated and obtained in the currency of the goods, which is called a value tariff.

It is written in numerical form and its general form is as follows: part, chapter, and main row, sub-row, reading these numbers from the left part and in two digits.

Principles and meanings of customs tariff

In general, tariff has two specific and general meanings: in a specific sense, it is the row or number of goods that is specified in the nomenclature, so that in Iran, each imported goods has a number for the purpose of entry and legal source in the book which is related to the listed customs tariff.

In the general sense, it is so common that the amount of the tariff related to the desired product is read with it, for example: the customs tariff of the refrigerator is 25%.

It is worth mentioning that our country Iran has the second rank in terms of the highest customs tariff, which is after the Bahamas in this respect. Bahamas is in the first rank.

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What are customs duties and tariffs?

In the customs offices of each country, the amounts that are collected for the import of imported goods and are called customs tariffs include two items:

– Indirect taxes

-Ancillary costs that include: testing, product standard, loading and…

It should be noted that customs tariffs are international and countries that are members of the WTO use a specific rule that is introduced through the HS tariff system.

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What are the types of customs tariffs?

Tariffs can be divided according to different cases as follows:

In terms of calculation source, the method of calculating this tariff for goods can be done in the following 3 ways:

• A quantity or value tariff for which the quantity of the goods in question is multiplied by the amount of import duty.

•Value tariff of goods for which the value of the goods in question is multiplied by the customs tariff rate of the goods.

– Composite or mixed tariff, which is calculated using a combination of the above two methods

– Tariff based on the goal, which includes the following tariffs:

• Financial tariffs which received to cover government finances.

• Guidance tariffs that are set to guide people to change the product.

• Support tariffs which collected to support the government of domestic goods and producers.

 – Tariff based on the form, which includes the following:

• A single tariff, which is in fact a customs duty for all goods and is fixed.

 • Composite tariff that has its own classification.

 – Tariff by nature, which includes the following:

 • General Tariff

 • Preferential tariff in such a way that for some origin countries considered a lower tariff.

 – Tariff based on the issuing authority, which includes the following:

 • Independently Tariff 

• Contractual tariff

Prioritization of customs tariffs

Priorities for customs tariffs are divided into 10 sections, which are determined according to the needs as well as trade policies of each country. The first priority of customs tariffs includes important needs and basic goods, and the tenth priority, which is the last priority, belongs to luxury goods, to which (government) exchange currency is not allocated.

In the relevant priorities, commercial profit and government exchange rate are variable.

For example, in the tenth priority, the amount of commercial profit is twice as much as the profit recorded in the customs tariff tables.

One of the most basic public revenues of any government is customs duties, which are in fact customs-related revenues, which include revenues from profits of state-owned companies, taxes and ministries, and so on.

This article is about customs tariffs and provides information about different tariffs. Reading this content is useful for people who want to import goods and introduces them to the details of customs tariffs.